Physics

 
General Standards
 
¨     Introduction
¨     Motion and Kinematics
¨     Forces and Newton's Laws
¨     Energy and Conservation
¨     Electricity and Magnetism
¨     Waves
¨     Modern Physics
 
Standards Terminology Glossary
 
¨     General - Goals
 
¨     Content - What a student should know
 
¨     Competency - What a student should be able to do
 
¨     Assessment - How well a student should be able to perform
 
¨     Rubric - Scoring tool to evaluate the level of student performance
1.     Introduction
 
Content Standard
1.1.Experiences, Observations and Order      
Competency Standard
1.1.1.   Cites examples of experiences in the physical world
1.1.2.   Distinguishes between objective and subjective observations
1.1.3.   Recognizes situations in which order exists
1.1.4.   Works with others in scientific inquiry to observe, hypothesize and analyze
 
Content Standard
1.2.Inquiry
Competency Standard
1.2.1.   Demonstrates inquiry into natural phenomena
 
Content Standard
1.3.Logic
Competency Standard
1.3.1.   Understands the difference between fact and opinion
1.3.2.   Distinguishes cause and effect
1.3.3.   Recognizes the difference between correlation and causality
1.3.4.   Makes scientific predictions
 
Content Standard
1.4.Gathering and Analyzing Data
Competency Standard
1.4.1.   Designs and/or completes experiments to test a hypothesis
1.4.2.   Performs measurements to gather data
1.4.3.   Measures with precision and accuracy
1.4.4.   Determines the reasonableness of data
1.4.5.   Analyzes results from measurements
1.4.6.   Uses multiple representation to explain results concisely
1.4.7.   Graphs data and shows mathematical relationships
 

 
2.     Motion and Kinematics
 
Content Standard
2.1.Time and Position
Competency Standard
2.1.1.   Recognizes changes in time
2.1.2.   Distinguishes time from changes in time
2.1.3.   Gives examples of perceived changes in time as thought to be relative
2.1.4.   Identifies a frame of reference and position of objects with respect to a reference point
2.1.5.   Differentiates between distance and displacement
2.1.6.   Generates and analyzes position vs. time graphs
 
Content Standard
2.2.Velocity
Competency Standard
2.2.1.   Defines velocity and identifies it graphically
2.2.2.   Distinguishes between speed and velocity
2.2.3.   Differentiates between average and instantaneous velocities
2.2.4.   Analyzes velocity vs. time graphs
2.2.5.   Demonstrates an understanding of phenomena at relativistic speeds
2.2.6.   Understands simultaneity
2.2.7.   Generates time dilation and length contraction
 
Content Standard
2.3.Acceleration
Competency Standard
2.3.1.   Defines acceleration
2.3.2.   Demonstrates an understanding of acceleration in two dimensions
2.3.3.   Identifies uniform motion around a curve
2.3.4.   Understands and uses mathematical equations

 
3.     Forces and Newton's Laws
 
Content Standard
3.1.Classification of Forces
Competency Standard
3.1.1.   Understands Contact and Non-Contact forces
3.1.2.   Recognizes the difference between force and pressure
3.1.3.   Classifies Fundamental Forces
3.1.4.   Differentiates between Internal and External Forces
3.1.5.   Creates and uses Free-Body diagrams
 
Content Standard
3.2.Force and Momentum
Competency Standard
3.2.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of force, momentum and time
3.2.2.   Differentiates between weight and mass
3.2.3.   Understands friction
 
Content Standard
3.3.Resistance to Change in Velocity
Competency Standard
3.3.1.   Gives examples and understands Inertia
 
Content Standard
3.4.Interactions
Competency Standard
3.4.1.   Demonstrates an Understanding of Newton's Third Law
 
Content Standard
3.5.Gravitation
Competency Standard
3.5.1.   Understands and uses the Law of Universal Gravitation
3.5.2.   Analyzes and understands the concept of fields
 
Content Standard
3.6.Forces Causing Two Dimensional Motion
Competency Standard
3.6.1.   Understands projectile motion
3.6.2.   Describes and calculates Centripetal force
3.6.3.   Understands Rotational equilibrium

 
4.     Energy and Conservation
 
Content Standard
4.1.Energy
Competency Standard
4.1.1.   Understands Potential and Kinetic Energy
4.1.2.   Recognizes and identifies various forms of Energy
 
Content Standard
4.2.Thermodynamics
Competency Standard
4.2.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of the Zeroth Law
4.2.2.   Understands qualitatively the First Law
4.2.3.   Understands qualitatively the Second Law
4.2.4.   Defines Heat
4.2.5.   Understands and calculates the Specific Heat of a substance
4.2.6.   Demonstrates an understanding of how thermal conductivity influences our perception of hot and cold
4.2.7.   Uses thermal energy to explain phase and phase changes
4.2.8.   Relates collisions of particles to the Ideal Gas Law
 
 
Content Standard
4.3.Redistribution of Energy in Systems
Competency Standard
4.3.1.   Explains energy redistribution
4.3.2.   Defines and Analyzes systems using conservation law
4.3.3.   Examines collisions in systems
4.3.4.   Relates the concept of work to the action of forces
4.3.5.   Defines and calculates Power

 
5.     Electricity and Magnetism
 
Content Standard
5.1.Electrostatics
Competency Standard
5.1.1.   Describes the electric charge distribution in neutral and charged bodies
5.1.2.   Recognizes how electric charges interact with each other
5.1.3.   Investigates Coulombs Law
5.1.4.   Understands electric fields using gravitational fields as a model
5.1.5.   Recognizes for any given point in space, the electric potential is caused by a distribution of charges
 
Content Standard
5.2.Potential Differences, Current and Resistance
Competency Standard
5.2.1.   Identifies simple electrical circuits
5.2.2.   Explains the role of wires and resistance in a circuit
5.2.3.   Manipulates and analyzes circuit elements in a DC circuit
5.2.4.   Understands the basic properties and uses of superconductors
5.2.5.   Differentiates between electric power and electrical energy
 
Content Standard
5.3.Magnetism
Competency Standard
5.3.1.   Explains properties of permanent magnets and their interactions
5.3.2.   Recognizes the forces associated with magnetic field concepts
5.3.3.   Understands electromagnetic induction
5.3.4.   Explains the role of oscillating charges in the production of electromagnetic waves
 
Content Standard
5.4.Solid State Electronics
Competency Standard
5.4.1.   Understands the structure of semiconductors
5.4.2.   Explains how current is conducted in semiconductors

 
6.     Waves
 
Content Standard
6.1.Wave Properties
Competency Standard
6.1.1.   Understands vibrations and how they travel
6.1.2.   Explains how waves transfer energy
6.1.3.   Classifies types of waves
 
Content Standard
6.2.Periodic Waves
Competency Standard
6.2.1.   Understands how periodic waves are produced
6.2.2.   Explains the characteristics of periodic waves
 
Content Standard
6.3.Modeling Phenomena as Waves
Competency Standard
6.3.1.   Applies the wave model to vibrating physical systems
6.3.2.   Models sound, light and similar phenomena as waves
 
Content Standard
6.4.Wave Behaviors
Competency Standard
6.4.1.   Understands that waves incident on a boundary may be reflected
6.4.2.   Demonstrates an understanding of refraction
6.4.3.   Recognizes and understands interference
6.4.4.   Demonstrates an understanding of diffraction
6.4.5.   Demonstrates an understanding of polarization
 
Content Standard
6.5.Simple Harmonic Motion
Competency Standard
6.5.1.   Understands simple, forced and damped harmonic motion
 
Content Standard
6.6.Matter as Waves and Particles
Competency Standard
6.6.1.   Evaluates the wave nature of matter
6.6.2.   Understands what happens when waves interact with matter
6.6.3.   Explains Einstein's Postulates

 
7.     Modern Physics
 
Content Standard
7.1.Atomic Physics
Competency Standard
7.1.1.   Explains the historical development of atomic physics during the 19th and 20th centuries
7.1.2.   Understands electrons
7.1.3.   Recognizes photons as discrete energy levels
7.1.4.   Describes and uses Quantum Numbers
 
Content Standard
7.2.Chaos and Fractals
Competency Standard
7.2.1.   Understands rule-governed systems
7.2.2.   Understands the concept of nonlinearity
7.2.3.   Identifies systems that are sensitive to initial conditions
7.2.4.   Understands fractal patterns as a reflection of chaos
 
Content Standard
7.3.Cosmology
Competency Standard
7.3.1.   Traces the history of Cosmology
7.3.2.   Understands and uses astronomical tools
7.3.3.   Identifies modern theories of evolution of the universe
 
Content Standard
7.4.Nuclear Physics
Competency Standard
7.4.1.   Understands fission
7.4.2.   Understands fusion
7.4.3.   Explains radioactivity
7.4.4.   Relates the four fundamental forces to each other
 
Content Standard
7.5.Particle Physics
Competency Standard
7.5.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of particle accelerators
7.5.2.   Understands the relationships of families, forces and conservation
7.5.3.   Identifies quarks and explains the phenomena of baryons and mesons
 
Content Standard
7.6.Michelson-Morley Experiment
Competency Standard
7.6.1.   Understands the operation of the Michelson-Morley interferometer
7.6.2.   Explains the implications of the experiment
 
Content Standard
7.7.Special Relativity
Competency Standard
7.7.1.   Demonstrates an understanding of Einstein's postulates
7.7.2.   Understands simultaneity
7.7.3.   Explains time dilation and length contraction
7.7.4.   Understands Mass increase
7.7.5.   Identifies c as a speed limit
7.7.6.   Understands curved space
CLOSE