1.1 Historical evidence
1.1.1 Identify and evaluate the importance of historical evidence from pre-historic, classical, middle and modern periods
***prehistoric period - caves, megaliths, etc.
***classical period – pyramids, ziggurats, temples, historic districts
of Rome, Greece, etc
***middle period – castles, towns, churches, etc.
***modern period – monuments , memorials (ex. Taj Mahal,
Hiroshima ground zero etc)
***prehistoric – cave paintings
***classical – Code of Hammurabi, Justinian Code, etc.
***middle – Magna Carta etc.
***modern – 95 Theses, Declaration of the Rights of Man,
Communist Manifesto, Constitution of United States etc.
***prehistoric – cave paintings, iron weapons, tools, etc.
***classical – hieroglyphics, Rosetta Stone, statues, pottery, etc.
***middle - armor, advanced weapons, navigational tools, etc
***modern – machines, weapons of mass destruction, etc
2.1 Important individuals
2.1.1 Evaluate the contributions and importance of individuals who have
influenced world history
· Political and military leaders
***early and classical – Pericles, Roman Emperors, Egyptian
pharaohs, Hammurabi, Alexander the Great, etc,
***middle - Charlemagne, William the Conqueror, Joan of Arc,
leaders of African, Asian, American empires, etc.
***modern – Napoleon Bonaparte, Peter the Great, Henry VIII,
Elizabeth I, Otto von Bismarck, Winston Churchill, Adolph Hitler,
Mao Zedong, Joseph Stalin, Nelson Mandela, Saddam Hussein,
· Reformers and innovators
***early and classical – Jesus Christ, Mohammed, Greek philosophers,
***middle – Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Copernicus, Roman
Catholic Church, etc.
***modern – Johan Gutenberg, Martin Luther, Ignatius of Loyola,
Galileo, Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton, Marie Curie, James Watt,
Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, Mohandas Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, etc.
3.1 Continuity and change
3.1.1 Evaluate how continuity and change has impacted commerce and industry
***early and classical - hunting and agricultural societies, trade
***middle – guild system, banks, manorial system, etc.
***modern – mercantilism, Industrial Revolution, international trade, etc.
3.1.2 Evaluate how continuity and change has impacted invention and innovation
***early and classical – calendar, alphabet, tools and weapons, etc.
***middle – armor, navigational tools, etc.
***modern – factory system, farm machines, communication devices,
weapons of mass destruction, methods of transportation, nuclear proliferation, etc.
3.1.3 Analyze how continuity and change have affected settlement pattern
***early and classical – family, village, city state, etc.
***middle – towns, cities, nation-states
***modern – urban areas, suburbs, megapolis, etc.
3.1.4 Analyze how continuity and change impacted religion and philosophical beliefs
***early and classical –ancestor worship, polytheism, monotheism,
Christianity, Hinduism, etc
***middle – humanism, individualism, etc
***modern - atheism, communism, etc.
3.1.5 Analyze how continuity and change has impacted politics and government
***early and classical empires –
Europe – monarchy, democracy, republic, etc.
Asia – monarchy, etc
Africa –tribal government, monarchy, etc
Americas – monarchy, etc
Europe – impact of Roman Catholic Church, feudal system, nation-states, etc
Asia – shogun, feudalism, etc.
Africa – colonialism, etc
Americas – colonialism, etc
***modern- democracy, limited monarchy, communism, isolation v. non-isolation,
world organizations, European Community etc.
3.1.6 Analyze how continuity and change has impacted roles of women
***early, classical and middle – political, social, economic rights, etc.
***modern – voting rights, women in business, political leadership, social rights, etc
4.1 Conflict and cooperation
4.1.1 Evaluate how conflict and cooperation has impacted domestic stability in world
***early and classical – invasions, racial and ethnic relations, immigration and
***middle – bubonic plague, church schism, feudal wars, etc
***modern – African slavery, Irish potato famine, Holocaust, genocide,
4.1.2 Analyze conflict and cooperation in labor relations
***early and classical – slavery, etc
***middle – feudalism, guild system, slavery, etc
***modern – factory system, labor movement, etc.
4.1.3 Analyze conflict and cooperation in racial and ethnic relations
***early and classical – treatment of non-citizens, etc
***middle – unequal treaties, languages imposed on conquered people, etc.
***modern – apartheid in South Africa, Kurds in Turkey and Iraq, Arabs in Israel,
Catholics in Northern Ireland, etc.
4.1.4 Evaluate how conflict and cooperation impacted immigration and migration
***early and classical – nomadic societies, etc.
***middle – city-states, nation-states and imperialism, Nordic people enter southern
***modern – settlement of “New World”, colonization of Africa and Asia, émigrés
in America, Euro-community, political asylum, etc.
4.1.5 Evaluate effect of military conflicts
***Early and classical – Peloponnesian Wars, Punic Wars, etc.
***middle – Mongol invasions, Crusades, 100 ?Years War, etc.
***modern – Thirty ears War, Napoleonic Wars, Franco-Prussian War, World War
I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf Wars, etc.